Severe depression is a serious mood disorder which interferes with an individual’s everyday life. In such type of disorder, feelings of sadness, anger, frustration, or loss interfere with an individual’s everyday life even for months. Those who go through this severe depressive disorder are likely to use illegal substances or alcohol, and they are at high risk for more mental as well as physical health problems. Statistics shows that they are at a higher risk for suicide than other persons. More than 15 percent of people with severe major depressive disorder die by suicide. Here are causes, symptoms, and the best treatments:
Lots of researchers believe that severe major depressive disorder is linked to problems with an individual’s genes, chemical changes in a person’s brain, or even the combination of both. However, it can also be found in many people who don’t have a family history of such disease.
Some medical conditions can play a role in severe depression, such as some types of cancer and under-active thyroid. Alcohol and drug addiction, sleep problems, and some medications may be accountable for it.
Some stressful events in our life can also trigger severe depression, Such as:
- job loss
- the death of a family member or friend
- illness of a family member or friend
- failing a class
- social isolation
- physical or emotional abuse
A Severe major depressive disorder may include these following symptoms.
- feelings of hopelessness
- feelings of worthlessness, self-hate
- lack of energy
- the difficulty with concentration
- social isolation
- sleep problems or excessive sleeping
- big changes in appetite
- suicidal thoughts or behaviors
Severe Depression Treatment
The treatments normally include medications or talk therapy or even both. Antidepressants could be good for some people, and regular types of antidepressants usually include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, like fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), citalopram (Celexa), and escitalopram (Lexapro).
Talk therapies help the patients develop coping skills so that they can deal with their depression. These therapies incorporate cognitive behavioral therapy that can teach someone how to deal with each negative thought as well as improve problem-solving skills. Another way to assist the patients to deal with their depression could be support groups.
Alternative therapies, like St. John’s Wort and acupuncture might help reduce symptoms of a mild form of depression; however, studies show these might not be effective for more serious kinds of depression. We should consult with our physicians before depending on any alternative treatment—especially when it is St. John’s Wort as they might have dangerous interactions along with some types of medications.
Regular exercise is one of the most effective treatments for many types of depression, and this could be performed in safety in combination with any other therapies. It helps a person improve his/ her physical and mental health.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a safe and effective treatment for a person who has been suffering from severe depression, who hasn’t responded to other treatments, as well as who has experienced psychotic symptoms.
Are You Feeling Depressed?
To make out whether you are at risk for such serious health issue, you may ask yourself the following questions.
- Did you get pleasure from doing things in the past few weeks?
- Have you been feeling hopeless?
- Have you been feeling down?
If you have experienced these types of feelings most of the time, there is about 80% chance that you are going through a depressive disorder and about 40% chance that you are going through a severe depression. In case, you think you are depressed, don’t be late to meet your doctor.